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The Constellation
Taurus

The Constellation TaurusIn 4000 and 1800 BCE The Sun appeared in the constellation of Taurus at the beginning of spring. As a result of this, Taurus is one of the oldest constellations recognized and on record.

Spring ushered in a new year for many civilizations and was of great importance. Because of the shifting of the sky, due to the precession of the equinoxes, The Sun is now in Pisces at the beginning of spring.

Taurus History

The Bull, a great symbol of power, strength, and fertility, is very prominent in all early and ancient civilizations from the great Sumer to Europe.

Apis, the Bull, was the deity worshipped in ancient Egypt. He was the Bull of Memphis.

Apis was chosen to serve as an earthly vessel for the soul of Osiris. This was an actual living bull that was chosen that fit the description and characteristics suitable to house the god of the Nile and The Sun.

Apis lived his life in service to Osiris and was an object of sacrifice and reverence. When Apis died, the spirit of Osiris transferred itself to another worthy of the appointment.

Likewise, the Sumerians had their, “Bull of Light” which was a creature with the body of a Bull and the head of a man, the Minotaur.

The idol of the Israelites, the Golden Calf, may also have been Taurus the Bull inspired.

Taurus Mythology

Zodiac Sign of TaurusTaurus is a constellation of great antiquity containing two star clusters: the Pleiades and the Hyades, which are referred to in the Old Testament.

The principal star of the Hyades, Aldebaran, is mentioned by Hesiod and Homer. According to the Greeks, Zeus was said to disguise himself in the form of a white bull with golden horns. In this form, he seduced and abducted the beautiful Europa. He swam away to Crete with her and is why we only see the animal’s forequarters in the constellation. It was the bull which Jupiter raised to the heavens. The Hyades, named after the seven daughters of Atlas and Aethra, are known as Ambrosia, Coronis, Eudora, Pasitho, Plexaris, Pytho and Tycho, and were also transformed into stars by Jupiter, for bewailing the death of their brother Hyas.

The central stars of the Pleiades were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione, hence half-sisters of the Hyades. They too were said to have been turned into stars for grieving over the loss of their sisters, and the suffering of their father. But another account tells how the sisters met the great hunter Orion in Boeotia, whose passions were so inflamed at the sight of them that he pursued them through the woods for five years. Begging help from the gods, Zeus/Jupiter came to the rescue after he heard their plea. He translated the lot of them, that is the sisters, Orion, and his dogs Sirius and Betelgeuse, into doves. Then, into stars in the sky.

In another account from the Roman's; One day Orion upon seeing them, became enamored and pursued them. In their distress they prayed to the gods to change their form. Jupiter/Zeus, in pity, turned them into pigeons, then made them a constellation in the sky. Though there were seven of them, only six stars are visible. The sister they referred to as Electra is said to have left her place so that she would not witness the destruction of Troy, as the city of Troy was founded by her son Dardanus. It is said that the sight of the destruction had such an effect on her sisters that they have looked pale ever since.

Yet another version from Homer, in his Odyssey alluded that one of the doves was lost while pursuing the wandering rocks. The Planetae, is a reference to the fact that one of the Pleiades, Merope, is always invisible. In shame, she is hiding her light for having had intercourse with Sisyphus -- a mortal.

In the end, all the Pleiades became ancestresses of heroic or divine families, called by the Romans: Vergiliae (probably from ver -- Spring).

As the Pleiades rise in mid-May, they are, as daughters of Atlas, the bringer of the fertilizing spring rains which come out of the west; as they set at the end of October, they are, as the pursued of Orion, the forerunners of the autumn storms.

The Pleiades cluster of stars was especially honored by the Druids. They held their spring festivals when The Sun was in Taurus, and they also worshiped the bull.
Excerpts taken from Nicholas de Vore's Encyclopedia of Astrology

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